He profited from the contract to lease state lotteries and tobacco sales. Alexander Georg and Maria Elisabeth had three children, a daughter, who died young, and then two sons, Wilhelm and Alexander.
The relationships among its constituent parts has changed many times. Geography Map of the United Kingdom. It is estimated that the UK is made up of over small islands.
With a land area of 94, square milessquare kilometersthe United Kingdom is slightly smaller than Oregon in the United States. When measured directly north-south it is a little over miles 1, km in length and is a fraction under miles km at its widest.
Most of England consists of rolling lowland terrain, with some mountainous terrain in the northwest Cambrian Mountains of the Lake District and north the upland moors of the Pennines and limestone hills of the Peak District.
Scotland 's geography is varied, with lowlands in the south and east and highlands in the north and west, including Ben Nevis, the highest mountain in the British Isles at 4, ft 1, meters.
There are many long and deep-sea arms, firths, and lochs. Scotland has nearly islands, mainly west and north of the mainland, notably the Hebrides, Orkney Islands and Shetland Islands. Wales Cymru in Welsh is mostly mountainous, the highest peak being Snowdon Yr Wyddfa at feet meters above sea level.
Northern Ireland, making up the north-eastern part of Ireland, is mostly hilly. Newbury and surroundings on a fine summer's day. At feet, Ben Nevis is the highest peak in the UK. The climate is generally temperatethough significantly warmer than some other locations at similar latitude, such as central Polanddue to the warming influence of the Gulf Stream.
The south is warmer and drier than the north. The prevailing winds are south-westerly, from the North Atlantic Current. More than 50 percent of the days are overcast.
There can be strong winds and floods, especially in winter. Average annual rainfall varies from over inches millimeters in the Scottish Highlands down to The county of Essex is one of the driest in the UK, with an average annual rainfall of around 24 inches mm although it typically rains on over days per year.
The highest temperature recorded in the UK was The lowest was The longest river is the River Severn, at miles kmwhich flows through both Wales and England.
The largest lakes are: Lough Neagh in Northern Ireland The United Kingdom has an extensive system of canals, mostly built in the early years of the Industrial Revolutionbefore railways were built. There are numerous dams and water reservoirs to store water for drinking and industry.
The generation of hydroelectric power is rather limited, supplying less than two percent of British electricity, mainly from the Scottish Highlands.
Originally, oak forests covered the lowlands, while pine forests and patches of moorland covered the higher or sandy ground. Most of the forests have been cleared for cultivationfuelconstruction and ship building so that byonly about 9 percent of the total surface is wooded—in east and north of Scotland and in southeast England.
Oak, ash and beech are the most common trees in England, while pine and birch are predominate in Scotland. Heather, grassesgorse, and bracken are found on the moorlands. Wolves, bears, boars, and reindeer are extinct, but red and roe deer are protected for sport.
Foxeshareshedgehogsrabbitsweaselsstoatsbadgersshrewsrats and mice are common, otters are found in many rivers, and seals appear along the coast. The chaffinch, blackbird, sparrow, and starling are the most numerous of the species of birds there, and another are migratory.
Game birds— pheasantspartridges, and red grouse —are protected. The rivers and lakes contain salmontroutperchpikeroach, dace, and grayling.
Agriculture is intensive, highly mechanized, and efficient by European standards, producing about 60 percent of food needs with only one percent of the labor force. It contributes around two percent of GDP. Around two thirds of production is devoted to livestockand one third to arable crops.
The UK has large reserves of coalnatural gasand oilas well as limestonechalkgypsumsilica, rock saltchina clay, iron ore, tinsilvergold and lead.
There is a lot of good quality arable land. The United Kingdom is reducing greenhouse gas emissions.The Enlightenment Influence on the American Revolution.
Print Reference this. Disclaimer: The Declaration of Independence stated that America had won the revolution from great Britain, and that they had gained their independence.
Allison “The American Revolution.” The Enlightenment Roots of The French and The. American Revolution. STUDIES OF THE AMERICAS Edited by James Dunkerley Institute for the Study of the Americas University of London School of Advanced Study Titles in this series are multidisciplinary studies of aspects of the societies of the hemisphere, particularly in the areas of politics, economics, history, anthropology, sociology and the environment.
Throughout the Declaration of Independence, we see immense influence from the Enlightenment period. Thomas Jefferson was obviously a huge fan of one philosopher in particular, John Locke. Current text: “Through their study of medieval and early modern history and geography, students examine the rise and fall of empires, the growth of commercial, technological, and cultural exchange, and the consequences of increasing population density and movement in Afro-Eurasia and the Americas.”.
An early traveller to the Americas who sailed on one of Columbus's voyages, Las Casas was so horrified by the wholesale massacre he witnessed that he dedicated his life to protecting the Indian community.
would become the blueprint not only for the independence of India but for the civil rights movement in the U.S. and struggles for freedom. Locke, Newton, and other Enlightenment thinkers put forth ideas about liberty and personal will that went on to be key aspects in the most important documents in America such as the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.