Assignment Acknowledgement After studying the theoretical concepts of a topic, understanding its practical implications and applications is the next step in the learning process.
Early history[ edit ] Although the early history of habitation in the area is limited, the Romans called the settlement Caletum.
Julius Caesar mustered to 1, sailing boats, five legions and some 2, horses at Calais, due to its strategic position, to attack Britannia. At some time prior to the 10th century, it would have been a Flemish -speaking fishing village on a sandy beach backed by pebbles and a creek,  with a natural harbour  located at the western edge of the early medieval estuary of the River Aa.
As the pebble and sand ridge extended eastward from Calais, the haven behind it developed Marketing assignment of lovely lace fenas the estuary progressively filled with silt and peat.
Subsequently, canals were cut between Saint-Omerthe trading centre formerly at the head of the estuary, and three places to the west, centre and east on the newly formed coast: He agreed, however, to spare them, on condition that six of the principal citizens would come to him, bareheaded and barefooted and with ropes around their necks, and give themselves up to death.
The municipal charter of Calais, previously granted by the Countess of Artoiswas reconfirmed by Edward that year Of its population of about 12, people, as many as 5, were recorded as having been connected with the wool trade. The governorship or Captaincy of Calais was a lucrative and highly prized public office; the famous Dick Whittington was simultaneously Lord Mayor of the City of London and Mayor of the Staple in The continued English hold on Calais however depended on expensively maintained fortifications, as the town lacked any natural defences.
Maintaining Calais was a costly business that was frequently tested by the forces of France and the Duchy of Burgundywith the Franco-Burgundian border running nearby.
When she heard the news, she reportedly said, "When I am dead and opened, you shall find ' Philip ' [her husband] and 'Calais' lying in my heart.
However, during the next century the port of Calais began to stagnate gradually, as the nearby ports of Boulogne and Dunkirk began to rise and compete. The French revolution at the end of the 18th century did not disturb Calais and no executions took place.
Cordial relations had been restored by that time and on 3 December the mayor of Calais wrote a letter to Power to express thanks for his "considerate treatment of the French and of the town of Calais during the embarkation.
Calais was a key port for the supply of arms and reinforcements to the Western Front.
Three thousand British and French troops, assisted by Royal Navy warships, held out from 22 to 27 May against the 10th Panzer Division. The town was flattened by artillery and precision dive bombing and only 30 of the strong defending force were evacuated before the town fell.
This may have helped Operation Dynamothe evacuation of Allied forces at Dunkirk, as 10th Panzer would have been involved on the Dunkirk perimeter had it not been busy at Calais.
In they built massive bunkers along the coast in preparation for launching missiles on the southeast of England. Calais was very heavily bombed and shelled in a successful effort to disrupt German communications and persuade them that the Allies would target the Pas-de-Calais for invasion rather than Normandy.
Migrants around Calais Since or earlier, an increasingly large number of migrants and refugees started to arrive in the vicinity of Calais, living in the Calais junglethe nickname given to a series of makeshift camps.
The people lived there while they attempted to enter the United Kingdom by stowing away on lorries, ferries, cars, or trains travelling through the Port of Calais or the Eurotunnel Calais Terminal. The Calais migrant crisis  led to escalating tension between the UK and France in the summer of The British Prime Minister David Cameron released a statement saying that illegal immigrants would be removed from the UK even if they reached the island.
On 26 OctoberFrench authorities announced that the camp had been cleared.
On a clear day the White cliffs of Dover can be viewed across the channel. The core area of the city is divided into the Old Town area within the old city walls, and the younger suburbs of St.
Pierre, which are connected by a boulevard. Many artists have been inspired by its landscapes, among them the composer Henri Dutilleuxthe writers Victor Hugo and Charles Dickensand the painters J. Temperature ranges are moderate and the winters are mild with unstable weather.
Climate data for Boulogne-sur-Mer — averages, extremes —present Month.Chrissy Arpie Ott Chrissy Arpie Ott is the founder of The Perfect Palette. Since its launch in , The Perfect Palette has been the go-to color resource for couples who dream of a unique, creative and colorful wedding day.
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